Constipation is a problem associated with the digestive system where the patients evacuate less than three bowel movements in a week. Mostly, the stool would be rigid or very dry. However, constipation has varied meanings for different individuals. Generally,a patient describes the condition has uncomfortable or difficulty in bowel movement. Constipation invariantly affects the individual quality of life which imparts mentally and physically.
Constipation is very common among people and can be treated by simple home remedies itself. But in a few cases it gets worse to chronic constipation.
Signs and symptoms of chronic constipation includes:
It is a diagnostic tool that evaluates human stool health condition. It describes about size, shape, color, and consistency of stool. The scale was created in 1997 by a team of doctors at the British Royal Infirmary in Bristol, England. Since that it has been used as a diagnostic tool for gastrointestinal disorders
The seven types of stool are:
It occurs mainly due to Colorectal transit studies have been performed to study the movement of bowel through your colon using radiopaque markers and with scintigraphy methods.
The large intestine converts liquid waste into solid stool. Constipation occurs when the large intestine absorbs too much water from the stool with the result dry and hard stools are passed. It may also be due to inadequate contraction of bowel walls
to expel the stool and waste product. The cause of constipation is multifactorial. There also several other reasons which act together to worse constipation which are mentioned below
Hormones in our body help to balance the fluids. Diseases like diabetes, hyper and hypo parathyroidism and the pregnancy condition will lead the way to the imbalance of the hormones which may lead to constipation
Many drugs and therapy contribute to constipation issues which are the following:
Diagnosis is done to find out the cause of constipation by asking the patients about individual symptoms, family and medical history and their regular habits. Based on your answers, physical exam and medical tests are carried out by healthcare professionals.Physicians are likely to question about your symptoms, such as
Physicians will ask about your medical history, such as
Physicians will ask about daily routine activities, such as
Physicians will prescribe the medication to improve the symptoms to patients. If the problem persists they will undergo the blood test, urine test, stool test. Endoscopy is performed to find out the underlying reason for constipation through using colonoscopy, flexible sigmoidoscopy techniques. Colorectal transit studies have been performed to study the movement of bowel through your colon using radiopaque markers and with scintigraphy methods
Other problems of constipation are diagnosed through imaging test like lower gastrointestinal series, magnetic resonance imaging and through computed tomography methods.
Constipation is not a life-threatening disease or disorder. However, chronic constipation can develop into more serious complication which includes
Most often the acute constipation is successfully treated by our bodies own self-healing capability. But in worst cases, it may develop into a chronic condition where it only can be treated by medication. Most the practitioners prescribe laxatives and
steroid containing ointment for treating constipation and its associated problems. But taking medication have a lot of side effects and discomfort to the patients. Drinking enough liquids and adding addition fiber increase the bowel movement activity. High fiber diet, not only relieve from constipation it also lower the cholesterol level, and reduced the developing of colon polyps and colon cancer. A change in lifestyle like fixing a specific time for bowel movement may be helpful. In worsening cases, surgery is needed to treat constipation.
Most of the laxatives are used for stool softening and easy bowel movement. But overuse of laxatives will provide the route to dependency and slower the bowel functionality which leads to many other complications like bloody stools, cramps in stomach,dizziness, rectal bleeding etc.… other risk factors are stimulant laxatives cannot be given to pregnant women’s, most of the laxatives will interact with food and other medication will cause more adverse effects to patients.